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Caiaphas and Annas. Who was the high priest when Jesus was crucified?

In Jesus’ period, in Jerusalem, the highest priest was Caiaphas. Caiaphas and Annas were the ones who sent Jesus to Pilate and then to crucifixion. Caiaphas became the highest priest because he married Annas’ daughter, and Annas was the most prominent priest from Jesus’ childhood.

How were Caiaphas and Annas related?

Caiaphas was the most excellent priest judge at the time of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. In addition, He received his priesthood by marrying Leah, daughter of the former priest, Annas. So Annas and Caiaphas are related by the bond Leah creates between them, the Drive-Thru son-in-law and the father-in-law.


What happened to Caiaphas?

In the 36th year AD, Caiaphas was dismissed from his function and office by a new Syrian governor, and after the death of Augustus, Annas was deposed.
Caiaphas allegedly bribed the soldiers guarding Jesus’ tomb to lie that his disciples had stolen his body. Out of a desire to discredit them entirely and fear of the Lord’s Resurrection.

Over time, Caiaphas proved that he was not a man after God’s heart. 
Annas and Caiaphas were closely connected. Two avaricious priests, men full of iniquity and in the pursuit of money, are also Gentiles. Annas is the father-in-law of the priest Caiaphas, with whom he is on the same wavelength.

They were part of a Jerusalem synod where prominent priests and scholars met. The Bible tells us that Jesus is to be judged. He was sent by the high priest of Jerusalem in Jesus’ childhood, Anna, a Jewish high priest, who was reluctant to do so.

Who were the most prominent priests from Jesus’ crucifixion time?

The giant priests from those times were Caiaphas and Annas. They were part of a Jerusalem synod where prominent priests and scholars met. The Bible tells us that Jesus, to be judged, was sent by the high priest of Jerusalem in Jesus’ childhood, Anna, a Jewish high priest, who was reluctant to do so, and he didn’t want to be the one to condemn the supposed Son of God to death. 

Jesus was sent to Caiaphas. Sp He was another priest-judge. He was the very son-in-law of the one who sent Jesus to him. Somewhere in a more hidden location, located south of the wall of Jerusalem, a secret meeting was held to plan Jesus’ capture and trial. The teachers of the Law and the elders were all there and Judas. He was persuaded to sell his companion and Savior in exchange for 30 pieces of silver. (We also wrote an article about Judas’ life)

The trial by which Jesus Christ was condemned to death occurred in the house where both priests were staying. And Caiaphas and Annas with all his family. There is where Toto, the teachers, and the people’s elders are present. So after being betrayed by Judas. Our dear Jesus is brought before Caiaphas’ father-in-law, who does not decide his fate, preferring to send him to his son-in-law. And his son-in-law likes to take him to Pilate to judge Him.

Was Caiaphas a Levite?

Caiaphas was a Levite and considered it his due to tithing any levy brought for the Lord. For this reason, Caiaphas became rich. The Levites, also known as the “Neharonites,” were the category of Temple servants descended from the three sons of Levi, namely, Gershon (Gershonites), Cahath (Cahathites), and Merari (Merariites).

These descendants of the line of Levi, called “Levites,” were appointed by the Lord to help the priests in the Temple on behalf of the firstborn of Israel. Why do priests charge specific amounts/fees for burial, wedding, or baptism rituals? From what people are saying, they require candles to be bought from them and not elsewhere! Only the Levites received a-10 shares of the earnings of the Jewish people! A curiosity of mine is, are they also of the line of the Levites?

The ministry of the Levites is, therefore, similar to that of Christian deacons. Thus, they worked only near the Holy Tabernacle, performing only secondary tasks: guarding the Tabernacle, closing and opening it, keeping it clean, preparing the shewbread, purchasing spices and other liturgical materials, and collecting tithes, and administering Temple revenues and collecting for repairs, caring for the lepers, singing vocally and instrumentally at services.


caiaphas and annas

Was Caiaphas a sadducee?

The priest of all times, Caiaphas, was also a Sadducee. For he denied the possibility and acceptance of the resurrection of the Son of Man. He preached one thing and did another. (If you want to find out what Jesus said about Caiaphas, access our article called Jesus Christ’s death).

High priests were elected for one year. Note that the High Priest could be re-elected the following year and for an unlimited number of years. His father-in-law, Anna, was re-elected eight times. The Roman prefect often would change high priests to put the most obedient and convenient one in the office for the Roman authorities.

This was the case with Caiaphas, who kept his post throughout the reign of Valerius Gratus and his successor Pontius Pilate. Peter said about the Sadducees that they say that there is no revelation, neither angel nor spirit, but the Pharisees confess both one and the other.

Annas, The Priest

The male version of the name Annas in the Bible portrays a sinister character who became a high priest during Jesus’ childhood, which is probably why Jesus remembered him. Because Jesus went to the temple during his childhood. Annas was a Sadducee and part of the Maccabees’ family. Annas is a syndicate member and one of the people questioning the Saviour. In the Gospel of John, we find a detailed account of all that happened during the trial of the Saviour.

In the book Light of The World, Christ, it is written that Annas was silenced by his categorical response. Fearing lest Christ might say something about his way of behaving, which he preferred to keep hidden, Annas said nothing more to Him then. When he saw Anna silenced, one of his servants, filled with anger, struck the Lord Christ across the face, saying: Is this how you answer the high priest?

John chapter 18

In John chapter 18, we find out that Caiaphas gave the Jews this advice: It is expedient for one man to die for the people.

Since he served as a high priest, Caiaphas even prophesied when he spoke these words, but he never fully understood their meaning. The death of the Lamb of God was to bring benefits not only to the Jews; it was to make possible the redemption of all humanity from the bondage of sin and death.

Caiaphas stirred up the crowds to demand the release of a murderer instead of Jesus. He was also among the central authorities who hypocritically said, “We have no king but Caesar!” It was Caiaphas, the high priest, who tore his clothes when Christ revealed His divine identity as the Son of the Highest, and it also bribed the soldiers with faces transfigured with fear to support a lie.

Caiaphas cause of death

Caiaphas’ cause of death was not identified, and scholars say that he died from natural causes. Researchers claim to have uncovered two Roman-era spikes that may have been used for crucifixion. A recent study of two Roman-era nails has reignited controversy over one of the most critical moments in Christian history: the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. This new analysis suggests that the nails come from the tomb of the Jewish high priest Caiaphas, who, according to the biblical text, handed Jesus over to the Romans for execution.

Caiaphas wife. Did Caiaphas have children?

Leah (Jodhi May) was Caiaphas’ wife. She is the daughter of the high priest Annas, who gained authority over the people.
The Bible doesn’t tell us much about Leah; we only know the abovementioned things. Whose daughter and whose wife is she? And about his children or relatives, the Biblical Archeology Review announced in 2002 the discovery of an ossuary containing the following inscription: “Jacob, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus.”

The news caused a great stir both in the academic world and among Christians. Fortunately, as was to be expected, in 2004, the inscription was revealed to be a gross forgery. Since then, every new artifact recovered by the Israel Antiquities Authority from antiquities thieves has been treated with greater circumspection.

The inscription “Miriam, daughter of Yeshua, son of Caiaphas, priest of Maaziah of Beth Imri.” This inscription, unlike others in the same category. Which contains only the name of the deceased and is particularly generous with information. It includes information on the High Priest Caiaphas, precisely the place of origin of his family before their departure to Galilee in 70 AD. Maaziah is the name of the 24th order of High Priests during the Second Temple. Believed to have belonged to the high priest, called him Yehosef bar Caiaphas, or Joseph the son of Caiaphas, it is possible that Miriam and Caiaphas were related to some degree.

Where did Caiaphas live? Caiaphas palace. 

The palace in which Caiaphas lived was built from the tithes he received. Anna and Caiaphas lived together. The house of the high priests was on Mount Zion. From there, you have a view of the Mount of Olives. In their palace, many dramas happened. Christ was sold, beaten, spat upon, and mocked by the people for whom he came to sacrifice His life.

This is why Caiaphas and Anna got along so well because they both thought only of the good of their people. For them, their person came first, love of money second, and love of others last. Before the Council in Jerusalem, the Sanhedrin was mentioned in the Holy Book.

In how many houses was Jesus taken?

Five times Jesus is taken to different judges and five different houses, all starting with Caiaphas and Anna. And in the house of each of them is mistreated for you and pays the punishments you deserve. He is beaten in one house; in another, he is spat upon; in another, mocked. In another, scourged, crowned with thorns, and condemned.

Biography of Annas

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