Islam is one of the world’s three great monotheistic religions, alongside Christianity and Judaism, and Muslims make up almost a quarter of the world’s population. Unfortunately, over the centuries, certain stereotypes have developed that are far removed from reality. Islam has been associated with various Muslim leaders and people of questionable character and integrity, and their actions have been labeled Islamic. By reading this article you will understand who is the God of Islam. You will also find the answer to the main question: Is Allah God?
British researchers have demonstrated that Allah is not God. Allah is the god of Islam, but not the God of the Christians, namely Yahweh. Islam is the name of the religion revealed to the Prophet Muhammad, but in Arabic, it also means unconditional allegiance to Allah. This is not just a coincidence, Allah has conveyed this comprehensive and accurate designation to the people through the Qur’an, thus linking the content of the revealed law with the designation ‘Islam’ by which this law was called.
Islam is the name of the religion revealed to the Prophet Muhammad, but in Arabic, it also means unconditional allegiance to Allah. This is no mere coincidence, Allah has conveyed this comprehensive and accurate designation to the people through the Qur’an, thus linking the content of the revealed law with the designation ‘Islam’ by which this law was called.
Who is the God of Islam?
In the Islamic view, Islam is the only way of life of divine origin and whose message has remained unchanged, all other “isms” are either man-made or man has contributed in part. The name Islam was given by Allah Himself, and the change, made by some people, to the name ‘Islamism’ causes discontent among Muslims.
The God of Islam is Allah, who is considered to be the Creator. What the reason for the creation of the world was is hard to say, because the Islamic tradition itself does not show a unanimous attitude on this matter. According to the Mutazilites, the world was created by Allah as a sign of his wisdom; the mystics maintain that the work of creation is an act of divine love or Allah’s desire to make himself known.
In the Qur’an, Allah has chosen for His religion the term Islam, so any other term cannot be accepted by Muslims to name Allah’s religion.
Islam is the name given to the religion that emerged from the revelations and teachings of Mohammed and is considered one of the world’s great religions, with over a billion followers. Islam, the message of Allah revealed to the prophet Muhammad through the intercession of the archangel Gabriel, was born in Mecca in the Nafud Desert, now Saudi Arabia, an area then surrounded by the Christian Byzantine Empire and the Sassanid Persian Empire in the early 7th century AD.
Muslims worship one god and call him Allah. Tradition says that this God of Islam chose Muhammad as his prophet. Mohammed founded the Islamic religion between 610 and 632 in Mecca and the Arab Medina. After his death, Muhammad’s teachings were recorded in Islam’s holy book, the Quran.
Islam is one of the major religions of our world (along with Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Judaism). Also, Islam emerged in the 7th century AD. “Islam” is Arabic and means “submission to the will of God”. About 1.8 billion people worldwide profess Islam, they are called “Muslims”.
Read also: Why did God choose Israel?
Who is Allah?
It is understood that the prophets brought to the people one religion and preached one faith which Allah made the starting point for the reformation of mankind. Allah has made these messages converge at a single point (a point where His message to mankind is perfected), and that is the very message of Muhammad, the son of Abdullah.
Allah is the god of the Islam religion and is called by the Muslims as follows:
- Al-Khaliq (the Creator)
- Al-‘Aziz (the Almighty)
- Al-Ahad (the One, the Only)
- Al-Waly (the Protector, the Lord, and the Helper)
- Al-A’ala (the Exalted)
- Al-Rabb (the Lord, the Lord)
- Al-Rahman (the Merciful)
Since the beginning of mankind, Allah has sent a long line of prophets, starting with the Prophet Adam (the father of all mankind) and ending with the Prophet Muhammad, the last of all prophets. This long sequence also included all the prophets of the children of Israel and the five most important messengers, each of whom had a significant message to convey. These include Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad (blessings of Allah and peace be upon them).
Read also: Why is Abraham called The Father of Faith?
Where did Allah come from?
Allah is the god of Muslims who wants people to believe in Him, be kind to each other, help each other and live in peace with each other. For this to work, the Qur’an also contains instructions on how people should treat each other and how they should live.
Allah comes from the Arabic word for God. There is no plural for ‘Allah’. Nor is this necessary, as most Arabs are Muslims and believe in one God. According to their belief, only Allah created human beings, animals and plants, the whole earth, and the whole universe.
The message from Allah is the Quaran. It contains the teachings of Islam. Muslims believe that the archangel Gabriel proclaimed them to the prophet Mohammed. Muhammad then delivered Allah’s message to the people.
Is Allah mentioned in the Bible?
Muhammad, around 630, reformulated the notion of Allah, calling him the only “god of the Islam” (and not the greatest of gods). He also abolished the concept of “wife of Allah” or “daughters of Allah”. The cult of the god Allah existed long before Muhammad, having been established in Mecca where K’abah was.
The Bible does not mention the existence of Allah but speaks of Yahweh alone. It is important to understand that Allah, the “god” of the Quaran, is not the same as Yehovah-Elohim, the God of the Bible.
Allah is the god of Islam, and he is not the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and Jacob. Allah is not the God who made a covenant with Abraham the Jew, who blessed Isaac, who changed Jacob’s name to Israel, who revealed Himself and guided Israel in the wilderness, who gave the 10 commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai, who spoke to us through the Old Testament prophets, who Christ said is His Father and His God.
Read also: How is God described in the Old Testament?
Who is Mohammed?
Mohammed grew up largely without parents. His father died before he was born. He also lost his mother when he was six. He was first given into the care of his grandfather and then raised by an uncle.
According to historical accounts, Mohammed is the initiator prophet of the Islamic religion. Mohammed also became a merchant and traveled widely. During this time he learned about the Christian and Jewish faiths. Following a divine vision, Mohammed established the Islamic religion in Arabic Mecca and Medina between 610 and 632. His teaching/revelation was recorded in Islam’s holy book, the Qur’an. On 8 June 632, Muhammad died in Medina.
During the Prophet’s lifetime, society was divided into different tribes. Mohammed’s family belonged to the Kurdish tribe and there, in turn, to the Hashemite clan. The Hashemites were part of the ruling caste, but not particularly wealthy. The clan offered protection to the individual.
Read also: Who guards the gates of Heaven?
Is Mohammed Jesus?
Like Christianity, Islam recognizes Jesus, but not as the son of God. Like Mohammed, Jesus is an important prophet in the Islamic faith. Islam recognizes Muhammad as the only true innovator of the monotheistic faith. Muslims reject all forms of polytheism.
According to Islam, Mohammed is not Jesus. Jewish belief in a coming Messiah and Christian belief in the Trinity is rejected by Islam as heresy. For it, there is only Allah. Allah, on the other hand, is inscrutable and inaccessible to man in his decree and appearance. Therefore, in Islam, God/Allah must never be portrayed with a face. This results in the highly developed art of calligraphy in Islam.
Since the Qur’an is regarded as an eternally valid revelation, for most Muslims it should neither be interpreted historically nor questioned in its statements. This results in a very problematic manipulation of the Qur’an for the Western, secular worldview that separates the state from church and religion.
Read also: Was Jesus born in a cave?
Is Mohammed in the Bible?
The fact that Jerusalem had been conquered by the Crusaders in 1099 and that the Levant had for a long time been defended by a handful of knights and priests in a sea of believers of the Prophet is the best proof that misunderstandings have characterized the Muslim world since its “golden” age.
Mohammed is not found in the Bible, he is not mentioned in not a single passage. Mohammed is a character who appeared 650 years after the death of the Saviour Jesus and after the writing of the Bible. Poor in his youth, Mohammed entered the chosen society of Mecca through marriage to a wealthy widow, Hadiya. Later, he began to preach to the inhabitants of the city the new teaching he claimed to have received from Allah (God) while in a trance, through the archangel Gabriel.
Muhammad’s teaching would give rise to differences of interpretation that would give rise to the split between Sunnism, representing mainstream Islam, based on the Koran and the Sunna (referred to as ‘traditional practice’, hence the name ‘Sunni’) and Shiism, which claimed to be the first ‘true’ caliph, Ali.
Bible in Islam
Muhammad’s message is the expression of absolute monotheism and is a reconfiguration of the Bible. Allah is the only God; he is completely free, omniscient, and all-powerful. Man, on the other hand, is weak, being only a creature, his every act being under the power of Allah.
The Bible in Islam is non-existent and they consider the only truth to be the Quran of the Prophet Mohammad, which for Muslims is Allah’s final message to mankind, and this message is not only about individuals and the salvation of souls but about the whole social-political order. This is also the reason why Muslims today see the ascendancy of the West in recent centuries as an aberration of history that can be corrected by the return of every believer to the ways of the Prophet, followed, naturally, by the final and complete victory of Islam.
According to Muhammad’s teaching, the entire history of mankind is to end with the Resurrection and the Last Judgment, when every believer will be judged for his deeds. The end of time will be marked by a tremendous upheaval, after which the Mahdi (‘the Rider’ or ‘the One guided by God’) will appear.
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Abraham in Islam
The Prophet Abraham is one of the most outstanding figures in the history of religion, morality, social life, and, fatherhood. He is truly the father of Prophets, as Allah Most High has chosen many Prophets from among his descendants. These include Isaac, Jacob, David and their sons, and Ishmael, the ancestor of Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon them).
In the Qur’an, there are quite long passages about Prophet Abraham in Islam. His biography and glorious deeds are mentioned in various places in the Qur’an. From an early age, Abraham commemorated the unity and oneness of his Creator. He engaged in important discussions with the monks of his day, rejecting the worship of idols, stars, and fire.
He explained to them that these idols were not worthy of worship. Then they tried to burn him alive. Allah saved him and made him a prophet. He was a prophet, an exemplary father, and an exemplary son.
Read also: What does the Bible say about King David?
Moses in Islam
The prophet Moses was one of the greatest prophets and a leader who delivered the Israelites from Pharaoh’s oppression. Not only Judaism and Christianity refer to him, but also Islam. Information about him can be found in the Old and New Testaments as well as the Qur’an.
Moses in Islam, of all prophets, is mentioned the most in the Quran. He appears a total of 136 times in 34 chapters of the Quran and is also mentioned in the authentic words of the Prophet Muhammad.
In the Qur’an, Moses is portrayed as a prophet who announces the coming of the Prophet Muhammad. Even the Qur’an tells us that the coming of an illiterate prophet was mentioned in the Old Testament. In the context of Islamic tradition, Moses is referred to as Kalimullah (the one to whom God spoke) because Allah spoke directly to him and directly inspired his verses.
Noah in Islam
The scriptures of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam tell similar stories about the prophet Noah and the Flood. The Quran describes him as a messenger of God who lived for 950 years. He selflessly dedicated his life to naming the true faith so that his people would worship one God, renounce idolatry, and show mercy to the weak and needy. He explained to his people the signs of divine power and warned them of the severe punishment on the Day of Judgment. Yet he was unrepentant and ignored his warnings. Allah punished them with a great flood and saved only the believers who followed the Prophet.
In the Quran, there is a whole chapter about Prophet Noah in Islam. His story is also told in detail in one of the longest chapters of the Qur’an (cf. Hud: 11). Details about the flood and the ship are also told. Noah asked his people to serve only Allah and to fulfill their duty to Him so that He could forgive their sins. Day and night Noah called them to the true faith. But they put their fingers in their ears and persisted in denying the truth.
Noah asked those around him to humbly seek forgiveness from their all-forgiving Lord. Then He would give them riches and children. He also promises them gardens, rivers, and a good life. Allah the Exalted informed Noah that none of his people would believe except a few who had already believed in him. So he gave him the command: “Prepare the ship before Our eyes and according to Our inspiration.” Whenever the nobles of his people passed by, they mocked him.
Jesus in Islam
To help Jesus in his quest on earth, he was given the ability from above to perform miracles with Allah’s permission. According to Islamic sources, Jesus was neither killed nor crucified. Rather, he rose alive to heaven. Islamic tradition states that he will return to earth just before the Day of Judgement to restore law and order and defeat the false messiah (Ad-Daddschal).
From the Islamic point of view, Jesus is a messenger of God who was sent to the children of Israel (Banu Isra’il) to show them the way with a new holy scripture, the Indschil (Gospel). The Qur’an describes how Mary conceived her son Jesus without a man touching her. This is a miraculous event ordained by God. Also according to the Qur’an, Jesus prophesied the coming of the prophet Muhammad (Qur’an 61:6).
Like all prophets, Jesus is also a Muslim according to Islam because he preached to his people that they should accept the right path and submit their will to God’s will. Islam refuses to refer to Jesus as God or the Son of God. The argument is based on the fact that he was an ordinary man, like all prophets, chosen to preach God’s message.
- As in Christianity, there are also judgments and ideas about the afterlife in Islam, which differ in heaven and hell. By adopting a pious attitude, a good Muslim can find his way to Paradise. Ultimately, however, only Allah decides on man’s punishment and reward.
- Mohammed ibn Abd Allah, the founder of Islam, was born around 570 AD in the city of Mecca. He worked as a caravan leader and merchant and was a well-traveled man at the time, who had contact with other religions.
- During the Prophet’s lifetime, society was divided into different tribes. Mohammed’s family belonged to the Kurdish tribe and there, in turn, to the Hashemite clan. The Hashemites were part of the ruling caste, but not particularly wealthy. The clan offered protection to the individual.
Islam means peace, security, and voluntary surrender to Allah. Islam aims to lead people to happiness and inner peace on earth and in the afterlife. It suggested solutions to problems in all situations in people’s lives. Tolerance, love, and equality are important elements of Islam.
Allah is not God, but he is the god of Islam religion. His name is a proper Arabic name for God. The Muslims say that Allah is also the Arab Christian and Jewish designation for God. The historical linguistic links with the Hebrew word YHWH cannot be proven. Allah was already used by various peoples of the Arabian Peninsula in pre-Islamic times. As a designation of a deity, its properties can no longer be reconstructed.
In the Quran, Allah has over a hundred other names. However, these are more like descriptions. He is then called the Almighty, the Almighty, the All-Knowing, and, so on. Allah is described in the Qur’an as follows: He is the creator of the universe, so he created the universe. He him not created, he was always there. Apart from him, there is no god. In the period after Muhammad, there were different concepts of Allah. He is seated on a throne, has hands and a face, and created his servants. In another conception, he does not appear as a visible person but is recognized in his creation.