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Paul in Rome. In the Footsteps of Saint Paul

In studying the Epistle to the Romans it is important to understand the historical context of the book. Context is always essential for understanding God’s Word. We need information about the issues being addressed. Paul in Rome addressed a specific group of Christians at a specific time and for a specific reason. Understanding this reason will be very helpful to us in this study.

Paul finally arrived in Rome, only he ended up as a prisoner. How often it happens that our plans, even the most well-intentioned, do not come to fruition as we anticipated and hoped. Later, he arrived in Jerusalem at the end of his third missionary journey with the poor relief he had collected in the communities of Europe and Asia Minor. Further on, however, something happened that he had not expected: he was arrested and put in chains. After being kept in prison for two years in Caesarea, he asked to be tried by Caesar.

As St Paul traveled all parts of the West and enlightened all with the light of the holy faith he saw his artificial end before him. The Holy Apostle then returned to Rome from where he wrote to Timothy, his disciple, as follows: “I am now offering myself, and the time of my separation is at hand. I have fought the good fight, I have traveled, I have kept the faith. Now the crown of righteousness has been prepared for me, which the Lord will give me on that day, He, the righteous Judge, and not only to me but also to all those who have loved His appearing” (II Tim. 4:6-8).

Why did Paul go to Rome?

The Bible records that the messenger Paul was in Rome two times, then twice as a detainee, during his long-term public service. His appearance in the city of Rome happens during his fourth and fifth teacher ventures.

According to biblical records, Paul goes to Rome to preach the Gospel of Christ. Paul’s first visit to Rome is started when he is captured at Jerusalem’s sanctuary in the pre-summer of 58 A.D. His capture happens when a few Jews, who disdain him and the gospel message, erronetraveledously blame him for debasing the sanctuary and helping others to ignore God.

Fighters of Rome positioned in Jerusalem, cautioned of a mob, hurry to the scene and capture Paul as a few Jews were in the demonstration of pounding the life out of him (Acts 21:30 – 33). Accepting he is the reason for the ruckus in Jerusalem, they take the witness, an under-equipped watchman, to the city of Caesarea where his case can be heard by a lead representative delegated by Rome (Acts 23:23 – 24).

Read also: Apostle John. How did the Apostle John die?

Biography of Paul

Full name:Paul (Saul)
Date of birth:5 AD
Year of death:64 BC
The thread of life:59 years old
Place of birth:Tarsus, Turkey
Children:0
Nationality:Turkish
Death cause:Martyrdom

Biblical places from the times of Paul

  1. Rome
  2. The Roman Empire

Read more: How did the apostle Paul die? Did Nero kill Paul?

What did Paul do in Rome?

Paul is a detainee in Rome. He is holding on until the Roman Caesar chooses how to manage him. While he is a detainee, individuals are permitted to visit him Paul additionally teaches the various warriors that have the occupation of protecting him. For the two years, he is kept here as a detainee Paul teaches everybody he can. Accordingly, even the family of Caesar finds out about the uplifting news of the Kingdom, and some of them become Christians.

Being in Rome, Paul preaches the Gospel of Jesus to the Romans. Three days after Paul gets to Rome he sends word for Jewish pioneers to come to see him. Thus, numerous Jews in Rome come. Paul teaches them about Jesus and the realm of God. Some accept and become Christians, however, others don’t accept.

The Phi·lipʹpi·ans have been extremely kind to Paul. They sent a gift to him here in jail, thus Paul is expressing gratitude toward them for it. E·paph·ro·diʹtus is the one who brought the gift. Be that as it may, he became exceptionally ill and nearly kicked the bucket. Once more, presently he is well and all set home. He will convey this letter from Paul and Timothy with him when he gets back to Phi·lipʹpi. to

Key Verse related to Paul for 

“But when God, who had set me apart even from my mother’s womb and called me through His grace, was pleased to reveal His Son in me so that I might preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately consult with flesh and blood.”

Galatians 1:15-16 (NIV)

Paul in Rome

Read also: Who is Apostle Paul? How old was the Apostle Paul when he died?

Where did Paul preach to the Romans?

After the three days, a pupil named Ananias came and laid hands on him, and Paul accepted his sight and was sanctified through the water. Following his change, Paul quickly started to teach that Jesus was the Messiah in the temples in Damascus. He then goes to the Arabian desert.

Just like his famous letters, Paul preached to the Romans in their roman temple building and on the streets. Paul’s demise is obscure, however, custom holds that he was guillotined in Rome and hence passed on as a saint for his confidence. His passing was maybe essential for the executions of Christians requested by the Roman sovereign Nero following the incredible fire in the city in 64 CE.

So for what reason would he say he is teaching gentiles? Paul had chosen to teach gentiles clearly out of his own life-changing experience that this was the mission that had been given him by God when God called him to work as a prophet for this new Jesus development.

Saint Paul’s Letter to the Romans

Paul prepares his visit to the community in Rome: he introduces himself, the Gospel he preaches, faith, justification/salvation by grace, and the behavior of the Christian who has received salvation.

The main theme of the letter answers the fundamental question asked by both the Jewish and pagan world: “What is the position that man must have before God to merit salvation?” For the Jewish world, this was law-keeping, and the Jews wanted Christians who came from paganism to do it too. Paul answers that the right position, pleasing to God, is the relationship of faith. The Christian’s relationship with God is not based on “righteous” works and their quantity, but on what God, through Christ, has done for man.

The fundamental theme of the Letter to the Romans is justification by faith, in the sense that we are made righteous by God through his grace, not through man’s moral commitment. God gives salvation out of love to the one who receives it in faith. He proved this to us by putting his son to death while we were still sinners. The Christian is not the only one who believes in Jesus; moreover, he must live in Jesus and embrace as the guide of his life the one law – that of gratuitous love.

Read also: Life of the Apostles. Relevant facts about their lives

Letter I of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians

Paul founded the Corinthian community during his second missionary journey (50-52 AD). He came here after a difficult experience in Athens, where the people of that city scoffed at the news that the dead Jesus had risen. Paul stayed in Corinth for about a year and a half, also experiencing great difficulties.

The themes of Letter I of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians show the complexity of the situation. Paul, through his responses, tries to clarify the absurdity of the parties that have formed (1:10-4:21); at the same time, he invites the community to understand the cross of Jesus that directs the Christian to go against the current the Arian logic. It expresses its sorrow at immoral behavior (5:1-6:20); also it expresses its position on marriage and virginity (7:1-39); it makes provision for women’s participation in assemblies, the holding of the Lord’s Supper (11:1-34), and the use of charisms and ministries (12:1-14:40). Finally, it affirms our participation in Jesus’ resurrection (15:1-58).

This is the period when this city had as its governor the Roman proconsul Galion, brother of the philosopher Seneca (51 AD). Luke, the author of Acts, recalls that Paul, in Corinth during the night, is encouraged by the Lord not to be afraid and to continue his mission. Of Paul’s letters, those to the Corinthian community are among the most lively and debated. The Canon of Scripture contains two letters Paul sent to the Corinthians. The apostle wrote several.

Second Letter of the Apostle Paul to the Corinthians

The Second Letter to the Corinthians is one of the most personal in the Pauline epistolary. It has rightly been called the Magna chart of Paul’s mission. In it, the apostle courageously faces the serious accusations that his opponents brought against him to defame him.

In this letter, Paul explains the rightness of his conduct and the faithfulness of the apostolic ministry God has entrusted to him, a ministry which, like that of Jesus, is characterized by suffering; he defends his apostolic identity against false apostles; he calls for a collection for the Church in Jerusalem.

They claim that the apostle trades on the Word of God (2 Cor 2:14-17) and exploits the Corinthians (cf. 2 Cor 11:7-15); that his ministry does not assert itself and does not show strong external signs confirming its importance (2 Cor 10-13); that his language is not elegant. “For they say, ‘His letters are weighty and strong, but when he is present, his body is weak, and his word has no passage'” (2Cor 10:10); “Yet I consider that I am no less than these terrible apostles. If I am a fool in word, I am not in knowledge. Besides, I have shown it to you in all things and before all men” (2 Cor 11:5-6).

Saint Paul’s Letter to the Galatians

The evangelization of the land of Galatia is therefore by the will of God who, through an illness difficult to specify, changed Paul’s plans. The Galatians, seeing in the sick Paul an angel of God, received the Gospel with joy. When the apostle departed, at which point his opponents arrived, the Galatians just as readily believed their teachings, which were directed against Paul, to the point that they embraced the Jewish religion.

Paul addresses this letter “to the churches of Galatia” (1:21), that is, not to a single community but to the various communities in that region. Ancient Galatia, which corresponds to present-day Turkey, was made up of various regions: northern Galatia, southern Galatia, and other southern areas such as Pisidia, Pamphylia, and Lycaonia.

It is therefore difficult to say in which part of Galatia the communities founded by Paul were located and to which communities he is sending this letter. The fact that Paul speaks in general about Galatia leads us to conclude that the apostle has crossed the heart of the country and not only the southern part where he had already gone during his first journey.

Read also: Who was John the Apostle? Was he the most beloved disciple?

What was the message of Paul’s Letter to the Romans?

In Romans sections 1, 2 and the initial segment of three, Paul compose that each individual who has at any point lived has trespassed (fouled up things that disappoint God). Just Jesus won’t ever sin.

The main message of the Letter of Paul to the Romans is that Jesus Christ is equitable because He never trespassed, passed on for our wrongdoing on the cross. At the point when we accept, He removes our wrongdoing and gives us His honorableness. This makes us OK to God. “Legitimize/supported” signifies to be proclaimed not at fault for transgression. This turns out similarly for each individual. In Romans, Christ is our honorableness as depicted in Romans 3:22.

The expression “to be right with God” signifies equivalent to “equitable.” When you are right with God or “honest,” you are not isolated from Him due to your wrongdoing. Nobody is right with God (noble) or does anything great in God’s eyes all along. That incorporates Jews as well as non-Jews.

What happened to Paul in Rome?

We may, subsequently, trust that Paul’s last natural wish was satisfied. However, if Timothy did be sure to show up before the end scene, there might have been nevertheless an extremely concise stretch between his approaching and his lord’s demise. For the letter which gathered him could never have been dispatched from Rome till the finish of winter, and Apostle Paul’s suffering occurred in summer. We have seen that this was sooner than he had anticipated. Also, we have no record, be that as it may, of the last phase of his preliminary, and can’t tell the reason for its fast decision. We just realize that it brought about a sentence of capital punishment.

According to biblical history, Paul died in Rome. The honors of Roman citizenship excluded Apostle Paul from the dishonorable passing of waiting torment, which had been of late caused for so many of his brethren. He was to pass on by execution. He was driven out to execution past the city dividers, on the way to Ostia, the port of Rome.

As Paul the saint and his killers passed on, their way was packed with a diverse huge number of attendees and comers between the city and its harbor. Through the residue and tumult of that bustling crowd, the little group of officers strung their direction quietly, under the splendid sky of an Italian midsummer. Their detainee, presently finally and always conveyed from his imprisonment, cheered to follow his Lord “without the door.”

Primary Takeaways

  • At the beginning of his letter, Paul defines himself as the apostle who preaches the Gospel to all, as if he had “a debt” to pay (Rom 1:14). It is the “debt of love” that he has received from God and which he wants to pass on to all.
  • The Second Letter to the Corinthians is rich in pithy phrases with which Paul summarizes his apostolic experience. Here are some of them: “the Father of mercies and God of all comfort” (1:3); the apostle compares himself to “earthen vessels” in which a treasure lies (cf. 4:7). He also uses warm expressions: “Be reconciled to God” (5:20), “When I am weak, then I am strong” (12:10); “My grace is sufficient for you” (12:9).
  • Since Paul is a resident of Rome (see Acts 22:25 – 28), Paul is managed the cost of the option to have the body of evidence against him heard before the authority of the Empire.

Conclusion

The letters clarify the identity of the Christian faith, the centrality of Christ, and the identity of Christian liberty that emerges from the relationship between the practice of the law and the Christian faith that makes people “sons of God”, free and responsible. Paul’s autobiography of conversion is recounted in the introduction.

The excerpt from Gal 2:16-20 is one of those which bears witness in a profound way to Paul’s experience of Christ and makes it clear that Christian faith springs from a deep and personal relationship with the dead and risen, Jesus. Christian death is the logical consequence of this relationship.

Thank you for your attention, and your appreciation. I wish you pleasant relaxation with the help of the following quiz about the Apostle Paul’s visit to Rome. All the best!

Quizlet about Paul

Quiz Paul

1 / 10

How is Paul also called?

2 / 10

Which apostle was a Roman citizen?

3 / 10

Where were the apostles first called Christians?

4 / 10

How many letters did Paul wrote?

5 / 10

Who was chosen as an apostle to replace Judas?

6 / 10

When was he born?

7 / 10

When did he die?

8 / 10

Due to health reasons, Paul encouraged Timothy to drink what instead of only water?

9 / 10

What road was Paul traveling on when Jesus appeared to him?

10 / 10

In what city did Paul speak on the Areopagus, or “Mars’ Hill”?

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The average score is 80%

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Bibliography

  • Kessler, H. L. (1987). The meeting of Peter and Paul in Rome: an emblematic narrative of spiritual brotherhood. Dumbarton Oaks Papers41, 265-275.
  • Chadwick, H. (1957). St. Peter and St. Paul in Rome: The Problem of the Memoria Apostolorum ad Catacumbas. The Journal of Theological Studies8(1), 31-52.
  • Goulder, M. D. (2004). Did Peter ever go to Rome?. Scottish Journal of Theology57(4), 377-396.
  • Borg, M. J., Crossan, J. D., & Foster, M. (2009). The First Paul. Tantor Audio.
  • Macduff, J. R. (1872). Saint Paul in Rome; Or, the Teachings, Fellowships, and Dying Testimony of the Great Apostle in the City of the Caesars: Being Sermons Preached in Rome in the Spring of 1871. James Nisbet & Company.