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Shishak. Sheshonk I king of Egypt

Shishak’s mission against the Kingdom of Judah and his sack of Jerusalem is related in the Hebrew Bible, in 1 Kings 14:25 and 2 Chronicles 12:1-12. As indicated by these records, Shishak had given asylum to Jeroboam during the later long periods of Solomon’s rule, and upon Solomon’s passing, Jeroboam became lord of the clans in the north, which isolated from Judah to turn into the Kingdom of Israel. In the fifth year of Rehoboam’s rule, usually dated ca. 926 BCE, Shishak moved throughout Judah with a strong multitude of 60,000 horsemen and 1,200 chariots, on the side of Jeroboam. 

Shishak was according to the Hebrew Bible, an Egyptian pharaoh who terminated Jerusalem in the tenth century BCE. He is generally related to the pharaoh Shoshenq I. He is also known as Sheshonk the Pharaoh, or as the greatest Pharaoh of all times.

As indicated by Second Chronicles, whenever Shishak ruler of Egypt went after Jerusalem, he carted away the fortunes of the sanctuary of the Lord and the fortunes of the illustrious royal residence. He took everything, including the gold safeguards Solomon had made.

Biography of Shishak

Full name:Hedjkheperre Setepenre Shoshenq I
Year of birth:931 BC
Year of death:956 BC
Place of birth: ancient Egypt
Mother's name: Tentshepeh A
Father's name:Nimlot A
Death cause:Natural causes- age,

Read also: What is The Septuagint? Who wrote The Septuagint?

Was Sheshonq a native Egyptian?

Sharon was an authority of a Semitic family and a Libyan clan leader. His family was for some time got comfortable in Egypt, and had a specific relationship with the town of Bubastis, which turned into their home. Shishak’s granddad (he had a similar name) acquired his higher situation through intermarriage driving straightforwardly to the imperial house.

Shesonq was a native egyptian pharaoh of old Egypt Empire and the organizer of the Twenty-second Dynasty of Egypt. Of Meshwesh family, Shoshenq I was the child of Nimlot A, Great Chief of the Ma, and his significant other Tentshepeh A, a girl of a Great Chief of the Ma herself.

Shoshenq I is as often as possible related to the Egyptian lord Shishak alluded to in the Hebrew Bible at 1 Kings 11:40, 14:25 and 2 Chronicles 12:2-9. According to these sections, Jeroboam escaped from Solomon and remained with Shishaq until Solomon passed on, and Shishaq attacked Judah, for the most part the area of Benjamin, during the fifth year of the rule of Rehoboam, taking with him the vast majority of the fortunes of the sanctuary worked by Solomon.

When did Shishak invade Israel?

Shishak is referenced in the book of 1 Kings about Solomon’s worshipful admiration. In light of Solomon’s transgressions, God spread the word about it through a prophet named Ahijah His arrangements to remove ten clans from Solomon. Rankled by this prediction, Solomon plotted to kill Jeroboam. It is this time that Jeroboam left Solomon’s court and looked for asylum in Egypt. Shishak permitted Jeroboam to remain in Egypt while Solomon was all the while ruler.

Shishak invade Israel during the fifth year that Rehoboam was best, Shishak accompanied his incredible multitude of Egyptian soldiers and took over a lot of Israel, this occasion is dated to 926 and 917 BC.

With large number of chariots and horsemen. He had the option to hold onto the urban areas of Judah and, surprisingly, arrived at Jerusalem. And those from the illustrious royal residence including the gold safeguards made by Solomon. This was in return for saving Jerusalem from his assaults.

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Key Verse related to Shishak

” Solomon sought therefore to kill Jeroboam. And Jeroboam arose, and fled into Egypt, unto Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon.”

1 KINGS 11:40 (NIV)


Read also: The Book of Tobit summary. Why is The Book of Tobit not in The Bible?

Did Shishak take the Ark of the Covenant?

According to I Kings 14:25-26, “In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, Shishak lord of Egypt went after Jerusalem. He took away fortunes of the sanctuary of the Lord and the fortunes of the illustrious castle. He took everything, including every one of the gold safeguards Solomon had made” (NIV). II Chronicles 12:2-4,9 says, “Since they had been faithless to the Lord, Shishak ruler of Egypt went after Jerusalem. In the fifth year of King Rehoboam.

In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, Shishak lord of Egypt went after Jerusalem and he took away the fortunes of the sanctuary of the Lord, meaning the Ark of Convenant and the fortunes of the illustrious royal residence. He took everything, including every one of the gold safeguards Solomon had made. (You can find this in: Kings 14:25)

The Ark is referenced later in the times of Josiah. Being conveyed about on your shoulders” (NIV isn’t).” The Book of the Law was found by Hilkiah the cleric in the Temple. Josiah sets up changes.

Shishak reign

Read also: Book of Judith. Spiritual meaning of Judith

Where is the Ark of Covenant today?

Nothing is said about the Ark of the Covenant in the Old Testament after the Israelites got back to Jerusalem from their bondage. In Babylon to assemble the Second Temple during the hour of Ezra and Zachariah. Nonetheless, the Apocrypha. (Books that show up in a few Bible variants, yet are not viewed as accepted.) States that the Ark couldn’t be found. In this way, the Holy of Holies in the Second Temple was a vacant chamber without the Ark of the Covenant.

Some think that the Ark of the Covenant was taken to Egypt by Shishak when he went after Jerusalem. According to biblical scholars, the Ark of Convenant is lost nowadays. But its prints are found in the Ararat Mounains. Where could the Ark of the Covenant be? 

Another hypothesis that has prevailed rabbinic circles is that the Ark was concealed in a cavern. Underneath the Temple Mount, straightforwardly under the site of the Holy of Holies. Before the intrusion of the Babylonians.

Primary Takeaways

  • Shishak was the prince of Libya who founded the 22nd dynasty of Egypt as Pharaoh Sheshonq I. He ruled for 21 years, ca. 945-924 BC. He sheltered Jeroboam as he fled from Solomon, after Ahijah’s prophecy of his coming reign (1 Kings 11:29-40).
  • Later in his reign, Shishak invaded Palestine in Rehoboam’s 5th year, 925 BC. He conquered Judah, taking tribute to the treasures of Jerusalem as well (1 Kings 14:25-26; 2 Chronicles 12:2-12), and also extended his domains over Israel, according to an inscription on a fragment of a star at Megiddo.
  • Shishak left an inscription with triumphal scenes in relief naming several cities in Palestine at the temple of Amun in Thebes.


Shishak was a good Pharaoh. The egyptologist Kenneth Kitchen asserts that Shoshenq’s replacement, Osorkon I. Pampered 383 tons of gold and silver on Egyptian sanctuaries during the initial four years of his rule. And connect it straightforwardly to the looting.