Why did Jesus choose 12 disciples?
At the beginning of His work, our Lord Jesus Christ chose 12 disciples or apostles and then taught them by word, by personal example, and by his wonderful works. The life of the apostles was described in how to make the Gospel of the Kingdom of Heaven possible. Of course, Lord Yaisuah was followed by several disciples. Life of the apostles: 12 formed the basic and permanent nucleus of Jesus’ disciples. And also figure 12 had symbolic value, in the sense that it represented the 12 seminars of the Jewish people. The Lord’s 12 disciples were named: Simon Peter, Andrei, his brother, Jacob. John, Philip, Bartholomew (also known as Natanael), Matthew Toma. Jacob of Alfeu, Simon called Zilot, Juda of Jacob and Juda. I want to suggest you access the link to play a Trivia game to test your knowledge about the life of the apostles.
Who are the 12 apostles?
Peter, son of Jonah and brother of the Apostle Andrew, was born in Bethsaida of Galilee. His Jewish name was Simon, but the Saviour would call him Chifa.
Andrew was born in Bethsaida Galilee, a town on the shore of Lake Geniza in the northern Holy Land. From Scripture, we learn that he is the brother of Simon Peter.
James was the son of Zebedee and brother of St. John the Evangelist, the Word of God. Together with his brother, leaving his ship, his father, and his boat, he followed Jesus to his divine call.
John was the son of Zebedee and Salome.
Philip is the third Apostle called to the mission by the Saviour Jesus Christ.
Bartholomew was of Gilead. He preached the Gospel first in Syria and Upper Asia, India, then in Armenia the Great, and Alvan, the city of Armenia.
Thomas, who is called Twin, was from Paneada, the city of Galilee. And when our Lord Jesus Christ was on earth with men. And was walking through cities and villages teaching the people and healing all affections. Then Thomas, hearing His preaching and seeing His miracles. Drew near to Him with eagerness, and walked after Him. Not being wearied by the sweet words and the sight of His holy face.
Other disciples of Yeshua
Before becoming an Apostle, Matthew was a tax collector and was called Levi. He was a native of Capernaum and the son of Alphaeus. According to tradition, he is the author of the first Gospel.
James of Alphaeus was Matthew’s brother, and their father’s name was Alphaeus.
Judas Thaddaeus was the brother of St. James the Younger, a relative of the Lord Jesus Christ. He was one of the 12 apostles. He preached the Gospel in Judea, Samaria, Idumea, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Libya.
Simon the Zealot is also called Nathanael. He left his home, his parents, and his bride for the heavenly Bridegroom. He preached in Mauritania, Africa, and Britain, where he also gave his soul, being crucified and buried.
Matthias was numbered among the Holy Apostles in the place of Judas the Salesman and preached Christ in outermost Ethiopia.
The sermon of Jesus from the mountain
The faith in the Resurrection
Who is the most beloved disciple?
John is the most beloved apostle. John is the disciple whom Jesus loved the most. His closeness to the Lord is suggested in John 13:23: “One of the disciples, the one whom Jesus loved, was sitting at table lying on Jesus’ breast.” Over the centuries, Christian art has depicted this scene, describing John as a young man who often leaned on the arms of the Savior. This is the origin of his unique title, John the Beloved. But his witness and mission reveal aspects of discipleship that we can all have.
John was a leading member of Jesus’ first Twelve Apostles, someone who had a close personal relationship with the Saviour. And who fulfilled important roles such as His witness.
How did the apostles die?
Saint Bartholomew or Natanael, as presented by the Holy Scripture, was considered by the Savior to be an Israeli “in which there is no converting” (John 1:47). Details about the life of the Apostles are found in the Scriptures.
The Holy writings say Bartholomew preached the Gospel in Lycaonia, India, and Armenia, and in the last location, he found his end, where he received the martyrdom, that is, he was killed because of the faith he preached. The day of the Holy Bartholomew’s prey is June 11.
Saint Jacob The Young One
Saint Jacob was the brother of St. Apostol Matthew, another disciple of Jesus. Jacob preached faith in God in the south of Palestine and Egypt. The end of Saint Jacob on this land was a tragic one and, according to tradition, it was crucified on the cross, as was the Savior. Christians catch him on 9 October.
Saint Andrew, was the first summoned among the apostles, brother of St. Apostol Peter (Simon). The Apostle was a fisherman and is a native of Betsaida Galilea. After first being a disciple of St. John the Baptist, St. Andrew went on to preach the Christian religion in Bithynia and all parts of the Black Sea and Russia.
Two apostles died crucified on the cross
After passing through Scythia Major, Scythia Minor (Dobrogea), Sinope, and Myostia, Apostle Andrew returned to Thrace. But met his end in the Peloponnese, where he received the artificial death in Patras.
He died like the Saviour, being crucified on a cross, only this time it was an X-shaped one. It is celebrated on the 30th of November.
Saint Jude was the son of Simon, a native of the town of Kerioth, hence the name Iscariot. The Holy Scriptures present him as the one who betrayed Jesus Christ for thirty pieces of silver.
After the crucifixion of the Saviour, Judas threw the silver in front of those who had originally paid him and then hanged himself.
Saint Peter was the brother of Andrew, and, like him, was a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee.
The decision for this name came after Peter said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God” (Matthew 16:16). And Jesus replied, “You are Peter, and on this rock, I will build my church” (Matthew 16:18).
The Apostle preached the Gospel in Judea, Antioch, Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, Bithynia, and Illyricum. Read also: Acts of Apostles Summary. What happened to the Apostles?
Facts about how did the apostles die
Saint John, also known as the Evangelist or Theologian, was the brother of Saint James the Elder. The Holy Scriptures present him as the beloved apostle of the Lord. Who stood beside the Saviour on the cross, accompanied by the Virgin Mary.
He spread the Gospel of Christ in Ephesus and throughout Asia, after which he passed into the eternal world, after being exiled to the island of Patmos. The Gospel and the Apocalypse are attributed to St John the Apostle. Christians celebrate him on 8 May.
Some apostles were killed by soldiers
Saint Thomas, called “the unbeliever”, comes from Paneida, the city of Galilee. Some soldiers speared Thomas and they killed him. Saint Thomas the Apostle has two feast days: 6 October and the first Sunday after the Resurrection, also known as Thomas Sunday.
Saint James the Elder
St James the Apostle, called by Christ “the son of thunder”, was the brother of St John the Evangelist. James went on to spread the Christian religion throughout Judea and later Spain. From the Acts of the Apostles, we learn that the Holy Apostle James met his end on earth after being killed by King Agrippa in Jerusalem. The Church celebrates him on 30 April.
St. Philip the Apostle was a native of Bethsaida Galilee, like Peter and Andrew. The Apostle brought Nathanael to Christ, saying: “I have found Christ, of whom they wrote in the Law, Moses and the prophets. Come and see!” Tradition has it that Saint Philip the Apostle went on a mission to Phrygia, where he received his martyr’s death in the city of Hierapolis. He was killed for his religion. And is celebrated by the Church on 14 November.
How did Matthew die?
He met his end in the city of Armenia, where he was burned at the stake by the pagans. Saint Matthew was the brother of St. James the Younger, and a tax collector by trade. After spreading the Gospel first among the Jews, then in Ethiopia, Macedonia, Syria, and Persia.
Saint Jude Thaddeus
Saint Jude is the son of St. Joseph of Nazareth, and the Apostles Matthew and Mark call him Levi and Thaddeus respectively. His journey began in Judea, then Galilee, then Samaria, Idumea, Arabia, Syria, and Mesopotamia. Judas Thaddeus died in Persia because of the religion he preached.
Saint Simon Zealot
Saint Simon Zealot the Apostle, also called “the Canaanite”. Coming from Cana of Galilee tradition has it that he was the bridegroom at the wedding in Cana, where Christ turned water into wine.
After the Resurrection of Jesus, Saint Simon traveled to Egypt and Africa, then to Mauritania and Libya to preach the Gospel of Christ. The exact location of his martyrdom is unknown.
|Full name:||PETER SIMON (CHIFA)||ANDREW||JAMES THE GREATER||JOHN||PHILIP||BARTHOLOMEW||JUDAS THOMAS: THOMAS DYDIMUS (TWIN)|
|Date of birth/ Feast Day:||1st century||THE 5th YEAR AD||25 July||THE 6th YEAR AD||THE 3rd YEAR AD||1st century||1st century|
|Year of death:||107 AD||30 November, 60 AD||44 AD||100 AD||80 AD||1st century AD||72 AD|
|Place of birth:||Bethsaida of Galilee||Bethsaida of Galilee||Bethsaida||Bethsaida, Galilee||Bethsaida of Galilee||Gilead||Paneada, the city of Galilee|
|Father's name:||Jonah||Jonah||Zebedee||Zebedee||Unknow||Talmai||Gregory of Nazianzus|
|Family:||Brother: Apostle Andrew||Brother: Apostle Simon Peter||Mother: Salome|
|It is not mentioned in the Bible||Bible does not mention it||Unknown|
|Life accomplishments:||Catholic tradition regards him as the first Pope in Rome, the founder of the Papacy||The Apostle was helped by Christ to really become a fisherman and is a native of Betsaida Galilea.||He was an apostle of Christ||Saint John is the beloved apostle of the Saviour Christ. The youngest of the apostles, the purest one||Philip is the third Apostle called to the mission by the Saviour Jesus Christ to perform miracles with Him.||Bartholomew and the other disciples witnessed Jesus’ ministry for about three years.||It was the Apostle Thomas who publicly claimed and acknowledged Jesus as the only Son of God|
|Death cause:||Crucified upside down||Crucifixion||Martyrdom|| Bible does not give us details on how the apostle John died. |
But a theory about death states that John was arrested in Ephesus and was martyrized
|Crucifixion||Martyrdom||Martyred in Mylapore|
|Full name:||MATTHEW||JUDAS THADEUS||SIMON THE ZEALOT||JAMES||JUDAS/ MATTHIAS|
|Date of birth/ Feast Day:||1st century AD||1st century AD||1st century AD||25 July, 1st century AD||1st century AD/ 1st century AD|
|Yaer of death:||1st century AD in Salerno, Italy||65 AD||65 AD||44 AD||30-33 AD/ 80 AD|
|Place of birth:||Nazareth, Israel||Galilee, Israel||Judaea of Galilee||Bethsaida of Galilee||Judaea/Judaea|
|Father's name:||Alpheus||James||Cleopas||Zebedee||Simon Iscariot/ Unknown|
|Family:||Mother: Mary||Unknown||Mary of Clopas||Mother: Salome||Unknown|
|Life accomplishments:||Matthew is the well-known author of the first Gospel.||He's a powerful mediator in important and difficult issues||Saint Simon Zilotus, also called Nathanael, is the one who left his home, parents and bride for the heavenly Bridegroom||Saint James the Great is the protector saint of Spain and Galicia||According to Church tradition, Saint Had the opportunity to be an apostle of Yeishua/Matthias preached in Ethiopia and Armenia, receiving death on the cross|
|Death cause:||Killed on the orders of the king of Ethiopia||Suffered martyrdom about 65 AD||Martyred by being cut in half with a saw||James was beheaded by order of King Herod Agrippa||Suicide by hanging/ Crucifixion|
So this is how the 12 apostles of the Saviour died and lived their lives, according to Holy Scripture or Church tradition.
I hope you found relevant facts about their lives. Have a good day!