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What is New Testament? What are the 27 books of The New Testament?

The word testament means promise. The New Testament tells us how God kept His promise to send a Saviour. That Saviour was the Lord Jesus. He came from Heaven and was born as a baby. And He grew up without ever sinning. He was the perfect Son of God. Jesus taught people about His Father. Then He died on a cross, taking the punishment for sin. The Bible says: Christ died for our sins.

The New Testament is the second component of the Bible and comprises 27 canonical books. The Church has confirmed that the New Testament is the Apostles’ witness to Christ, the written form of Christ’s message entrusted to the Apostles. The Church has recognized not only the origin and apostolic authority of the New Testament but also its revealed and infallible content, communicated through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.

According to biblical scholarship, the 27 canonical books of the New Testament are as follows:

1. Matthew                    2. Mark                              3. Luke
4. John                           5. Apostles                        6. Romans
7. I Corinthians           8. II Corinthians            9. Galatians
10. Ephesians               11. Philippians                12. Colossians
13. I Thessalonians    14. II Thessalonians     15. I Timothy
16. II Timothy              17. Titus                             18. Philemon
19. Hebrews                 20. James                          21. I Peter
22. II Peter                   23. I John                          24. II John
25. III John                  26. Jude                             27. Revelation

The New Testament tells of many new churches that came into being in the first years after Jesus ascended into Heaven.

What is the New Testament, and why is it important?

The Bible, more than a book, is a library: in fact, it comprises 73 writings with different contents: historical, prophetic, sapiential, and didactic, normative, and apocalyptic. They were composed partly before Christ, partly after Christ. It is not only a distinction of time but above all of the perspectives: the books written before Jesus represent the hope of the old Israel, with the proclamation and expectation of the promised Messiah; those noted afterward represent the faith of the new Israel, the Church, in the fulfillment of all the Old Testament promises in Jesus of Nazareth.

The New Testament is the collection of the 27 canonical books that made up the second part of the Christian Bible and is essential because they were written as a result of the life and preaching of Jesus of Nazareth; apart from the person of Jesus, it presents the events in the Church from the beginning. The New Testament or New Covenant is an expression used by Christians to indicate the new covenant made by God with people through Jesus Christ.

The criteria for collecting the biblical books do not respond to human curiosity or historical completeness: God, the primary author of the Bible, inspired human authors to write all and only what he considered necessary in the spiritual plan of salvation. This is what John openly declares.

Read also: Book of Judith. Spiritual meaning of Judith

Who is the main character in the New Testament?

The New Testament, the second part of the Bible or Holy Scriptures, is a collection of 27 books: the four Gospels containing the teachings and deeds of Jesus Christ, followed by a series of epistles of the Apostles addressed to local churches in the first century, and the book of Revelation.
The chronology of the New Testament is sufficiently reliable in its general framework, even if the dating of many events remains approximate.

The Messiah expected by Israel, dead on the cross, and resurrected according to Israel’s scriptures,, is the New Testament’s main character. The books of the New Testament are written in Greek with numerous Semiticisms. Even the four gospels, according to Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, are telling the story of the salvation history that is fulfilled in Jesus of Nazareth, from his birth in Mary’s womb to his death, resurrection, and ascension into Heaven.

Jesus Christ is the Son of God and our Saviour. He did everything for us, from His service to His death. Jesus is the Son of God, but He was born of a woman on earth. The name of this faithful woman was Mary. When Mary gave birth to Jesus, many signs and angels appeared so that faithful people could find Him and show their respect.

Read also: The Book of Tobit summary. Why is The Book of Tobit not in The Bible?

Biography of Jesus

Full name:Yeshua
Date of birth:25th of December
Death day:3 april, 30-33 after Christ
The thread of life:30-33
Place of birth:Bethleem
Mother's name:Maryam Batjoachim
Father's name:Joseph the Betrothed
Children:0
Physical appearance:Revelation 1:14-15 gives only a speculation that the skin of Jesus was darker hue and the hair of Christ woolly in texture.
Nationality:Jewish
Summary of life:Jesus was born in a manger. He was not a prophet. This is because he is The only son of God. Who died and rose again for our sins.
Life lessons:Jesus is the only Man who was a saint. Hi did not had any guilt in His life. He loved us deeply and died for our sins, we have to honor Him.
Life accomplishments:We have to learn from Him that He came on Earth because of His love for humans.
Death cause:Crucifixion

Biblical places from the times of Jesus

  1. Gethsemane- Where is it located?
  2. Kinneret- Is Kinneret located in Jerusalem? Is it the sea?

Why is it called the New Testament?

The newness of the Lord Jesus Christ lies in His example: love one another as I have loved you. The commandment of love for God or man is not new, and Jesus reveals to us that love is the fulfillment of the Law. He adds: If you love Me, keep My commandments.

Biblical authorities state that the New Testament is so-called because Jesus came to earth to bring a new testamentary law. Jesus did not come to demolish the Law of Moses. On the contrary, He set an example of how the Law should be kept. Moreover, He repeatedly stressed the importance of the Law.

Jesus did not come to destroy the Law but to fulfill it. He revealed how the Law is to be kept lovingly. He came to exalt the meaning of the Law. The God of the Old Testament was a God of eternal love. In Matthew, Jesus declared: in t that these two commandments containhole Law and the prophets referring to love of God and love of neighbor.

What’s the difference between Old Testament and New Testament?

OLD TESTAMENTNEW TESTAMENT
The Old Testament does not speak of the Gospels.
The New Testament introduces the Gospels for us.
A detailed description of the Jews only in the Old Testament.
The New Testament gives only a schematic description of the Jews and their customs.
The prophecies made in the Old Testament are all fulfilled in the Gospels of the New Testament.
Several New Testament prophecies have their foundation in the Old Testament.
Old Testament mentions the commandments.
The New Testament states that God gave commandments as a possible means of salvation.
The Old Testament shows God's wrath against sin while offering a vision of his graceNew Testament shows God's grace towards sinners while offering glimpses of His wrath.

Key Verse related to New Testament

” I don’t mean that there is too little New Testament language in our prayers; but there is too little both Old and New Testament language meditated on, understood, believed, realized, and felt. There is too little Scripture substance, Scripture strength, Scripture depth, and Scripture height, in our prayers.”

new testament

Who wanted to establish a canon of New Testament books?

After the troubled period of the early Church, other initiates arose in the modern era who claimed to write holy texts inspired by God. Two examples are the Mormon prophet Joseph Smith in 1840 and Szekely, who wrote the Essene Gospel of Peace in 1937.

The first to attempt to establish a canon of the New Testament was Origen of Alexandria around AD 0200. He was a scholar, knowledgeable in both the Christian faith and pagan philosophy. Origen compiled a canon that included all but four of the books of the New Testament: James, 2 Peter, and 2 and 3 John. At the same time, Origen’s canon included the Shepherd of Hermas.

The followers of the Apostles had also written teaching books so that in the early centuries,, numerous writings were in general use in the local churches, some orthodox, some unorthodox. This led to the need for a canon to distinguish between good and bad books.

What are the differences between the outward Law given through Moses and the inward Law given through Jesus Christ?

Although the Scriptures deal with two distinct covenants, each of which has a specific structure, nowadays, all Christian denominations claiming to be part of the New Covenant take over, to a greater or lesser extent, elements of the Old Covenant, which vitiates the atmosphere of the New Covenant. The new, final, or inward, Law,give by God is consistent, and perfect, and the only divine Law is saving.

The external Law was given as a preparatory law for a small tribe of shepherds. In contrast, the interior Law was given to all the peoples of the earth, who are bound together in a spiritual and everyday family of God through the blood of Christ Himself.

Moses is the one who addresses people who drink sin-like water under the dominion of wandering spirits. Moses addresses the earthly nature of the Adamic nature; Christ addresses the divine nature of the Christic nature. This is why the food served in the Old Testament often does not nourish the Church of Christ, for it does not suit her.

Primary Takeaways

  • The New Testament is a book of 27 epistles. In early Christianity, these were simply letters sent from Church to Church or person to person. Following the First Ecumenical Council in 325, the Bible and the New Testament as we know it today were born. At that time, tens of thousands of different versions of these letters were circulating, so it was decided that the canonical ones should all be put together.
  • As for the books of the New Testament, although the early Church used the Old Testament, the Holy Apostles did not leave behind a defined set of books to be used in the Church. Like the Old Testament, the New Testament developed over time.
  • God made a covenant with the Jewish people, the people chose to give the Savior of the world, and after He came, God made a new covenant, this time with all who believe in Jesus Christ, to receive God’s blessings and eternal life.

Conclusion

The prophetic period of the Old Testament ended about four hundred years before the birth of Christ. Many Jewish books were written between the end of this period and the birth of the Saviour, but none were accepted as inspired.

In the New Testament, the word apostle expresses the concept of mission and representation. The term appears when Jesus ordains his disciples and sends them on a mission of evangelism. The apostles were invested with special authority by the risen Lord; they had seen with their own eyes his death and resurrection, something none of the earlier prophets had been privileged to see.

Quizlet about the main character from The New Testament

Bible Trivia about the main character of NT

1 / 10

What did Jesus say was the danger regarding riches?

2 / 10

What will be the signs?

3 / 10

Jesus told his disciples to go into all the world and preach the good news. Who or what did he say would accompany them?

4 / 10

What did Jesus say his house should be called?

5 / 10

In what town or city did Jesus say a prophet would be without honor?

6 / 10

When Jesus was crucified, who did Mark record as saying, "Surely this man was the Son of God!"?

7 / 10

When Jesus died on the cross, He commended someone to the care of John. Who was it?

8 / 10

Then Jesus, moved with compassion, _______ and touched him, and said to him, "I am willing; be cleansed."  -Mark 1:41

9 / 10

According to Luke, on which day, after Jesus dies on the cross, is He resurrected?

10 / 10

Before they met Jesus, in what trade were John and his brother James employed?

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Explanation of biblical words

arrested¹who is under arrest of the law, and priests
salvation²the action of saving; (concrete) object, being, saving circumstance
crucified³slaughtered and tormented
resurrected⁴to return or revive after death.

Bibliography

  • Metzger, B. M., & Ehrman, B. D. (1968). The Text of New Testament. Рипол Классик.
  • McCullough, W. S. (1937). The Decline of Easter in Liberal Christianity. The Journal of Religion17(3), 280-292.
  • Pritchard, J. (2018). Five events made Christianity: were Christmas, Good Friday, easter, ascension, and Pentecost. SPCK.
  • Wilson, B. (2002). Christianity. Routledge.
  • Neill, S., & Wright, T. (1988). The interpretation of the New Testament, 1861-1986.

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