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Who is Aaron? What happened to Aaron in the Bible?

The patriarch and Levite Aaron represent an icon of the Bible and Genesis Book. Brother of Moses, older than him by three years. Descendant of Levi through Kohath and Amram. As the context does not mention any reported danger in the early years of his life, we are entitled to believe that Aaron was born before the terrible Egyptian laws aimed at killing Jewish boys were proclaimed.

Aaron was the first high priest instituted and sanctified by anointing with myrrh at God’s command. Aaron was also Moses’ spokesman, carrying out his orders. He even carried his staff during his first meetings with the elders of the people, with Pharaoh, and during the first three plagues, but the leading role and responsibility for the act still fell to Moses. St. Paul compares the priesthood of Christ to the order of Melchizedek, which is saving and eternal, with the priesthood. According to Aaron’s ordinance, temporal could not make anyone holy.

The Lord commands Aaron to go immediately into the wilderness to meet Moses. The two brothers meet and embrace. Back in Egypt, they gather the elders of Israel to proclaim their impending deliverance from Yahve.

Who is Saint Aaron?

Aaron was the first High Priest and served in that capacity for nearly 40 years. Shortly after leaving Sinai, they teamed up with Miriam to vilify Moses for the Ethiopian woman he had married.

According to the Apocryphal sources and the Bible, Saint Aaron is the brother of Moses and the brother of the woman Miriam, the prophetess of the Sea. He received great commissions from God. And he was the first patriarch recorded in the Bible. God commissioned Aaron, his two sons, Moses, and 70 other elders of Israel as representatives of the people to attend this meal and to contemplate the God of Israel on occasion. Moses is late on the mountain, and the people, impatient because of the lack of their leader, ask Aaron to make the gods go before them. Aaron shows weakness, gives in to his request, and makes the golden calf.

According to Moses’ instructions from the Lord, Aaron and his sons were to serve as priests. Also, based on this prescription, when the Tabernacle was finished and ready for use, Moses solemnly anointed Aaron and his four sons, sanctified them with the blood of sacrifices, and clothes them in scrubs, the symbol of the priestly office.

Biography of Aaron

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Biblical places from the times of Aaron

  1. The Red Sea– The place where Moses, brother of Aaron, split the water
  2. Egypt– Where is the exact location of Egypt? 

How did Moses know Aaron was his brother?

His weakness towards the people when he made the golden calf, the covenant he made with his sister Mary against Moses. And we always identify Aaron as the type of man who is weak and impressionable, incapable of backbone, and prone to compromises.

According to the biblical accounts in Genesis, Moses knew that Aaron was his brother with God’s help, who made this known to him when he returned from Egypt. The two brothers were reunited years later, and God invested them with significant positions in the people of Israel among His chosen people.

Korah’s rebellion was directed, on the one hand, against the position reserved exclusively for Aaron and his sons and, on the other, against the political authority of Moses. The rebels’ violent death demonstrated that God had invested Moses and Aaron in their positions. In addition, the rod that flourished for Aaron and the house of Levi confirmed Aaron’s right to the priesthood.

Moses, Aaron, and Miriam

There was always envy in the family of the priests: Moses, Aaron, and Miriam. Moses was envied for his privileged position before Yahweh, the God of Israel. Miriam, sister of Aaron and Moses, incited Aaron against Moses because he commanded like a king; his commands were backed up by signs, miracles, and punishments, all of which proved divine authority. Miriam is struck with leprosy for her denigrating attitude towards Moses.

According to biblical accounts, Moses, Aaron, and Miriam were in a fraternity relationship, but unfortunately, Aaron and Miriam were envious of Moses. Aaron was younger than his sister Miriam. He married Elisha, daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, of the tribe of Judah. Elisheba bore him four sons: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. When God invited Moses to Mount Horeb to set out to redeem his oppressed people, he tried to evade such a difficult task because he had slurred speech and a tongue that was slurred.

The families that followed Korah and Dathan challenged Moses’ authority, proclaiming priesthood as an attribute of every Israelite. Neither Aroon nor Moses entered Canaan because they loved a man more than God. Yahweh’s strictness lowered the bar over time, and David was forgiven for sins worse than those of his predecessors.

Key Verse related to Aaron

“…which had the golden altar of incense and the gold-covered ark of the covenant. This ark contained the gold jar of manna, Aaron’s staff that had budded, and the stone tablets of the covenant.”

Hebrews 9:4 (NIV)

who is aaron

Was Aaron a Levite?

Moses stood on Mount Sinai to receive the law and said to the dancing God: Your brother Aaron and his sons shall take turns to do the priest’s office instead of the firstborn. And Moses fulfilled this commandment of the Lord. He made his brother Aaron a priest and appointed his sons and their descendant’s priests. The office of the high priest was given to Aaron forever and after the dance to his firstborn and his descendants.

Indeed, Aaron was a Levite from the line of Levi. God chose Aaron and his descendants to be priests of the Levitical line, not Moses and his descendants. And God knew why He was making this difference. Then the Lord graciously with Moses and said, Take the tribe of Levi and give them to Aaron, the priest, to help him in his work. And he shall keep watch over him and the sons of Israel in the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall minister in the tabernacle, and keep all the things of the tabernacle of the community, and shall keep watch over the sons of Israel, and shall minister in the tabernacle. 

Even though thousands died in the rebellion by Korah, the Lord knew that the issue of the leadership role of priests was not yet resolved. God knew that the Israelites were still troubled, even though characters who He had done much for them punished the rebels with tremendous and painful judgments. He would have been justified in wiping them off the face of the earth. But this was not His wish. After all that had happened, the Lord did not give up the idea of working with them and showing them His grace.

What clothes did the Levites wear in the Bible?

The ephod was skillfully crafted of gold thread, purple, scarlet, burgundy silk, and twisted and twisted linen. It was of two pieces: one on the chest and one on the back joined at the shoulders with two clasps. Over it was placed an arm worked the same way as the ephod. Over the turban of the ordinary priests, the archpriest wore a miter of dark blue cloth, which had a golden blade on the forehead, on which were written these words: Holiness of the Lord.

The priestly garb, that is, that of Aaron of the line of the Levites, was as follows:

  1. linen trousers
  2. a fine white linen coat, long to the heel, called a hit on
  3. girdle embroidered with silk of various colors
  4.  a fine white linen turban for wrapping the head, worn for honor and adornment.

On top of the priestly vestments, the priest also had a host made in the same way as the ephod. The meal was made of burgundy silk and was worn under the ephod. On the laps, it had golden tassels and bells.

What were the 12 stones on Aaron’s breastplate?

God told Moses to tell Aaron that the host would contain 12 precious stones. According to the names of the twelve sons of Israel, these stones were to be twelve in number. They were inscribed on the two stones on their shoulders. According to their terms and the order in which they were born. On each of them, he shall carve, as on the seal, a name from the number of the twelve tribes.

According to the previous description of the Levites’ and Aaron’s garments in the Bible, the host was adorned with 12 precious stones symbolizing the 12 tribes of Israel. They were as follows:

1. carnelian     2. chrysolite     3. emerald     4. turquoise     5. sapphire     6. amethyst

7. jacinthagate     8. crystal     9. beryl     10. lapis     11. lazuli     12. jasper 

Even the Holy Land will be divided into 12 tribes, and that is, the tribes of Israel. From the end of the mekonoshah, on the pass that draws a line to the entrance of Hamath, to the palace of Elam, to the border of Damascus, to the mekonoshah, on the side of Hamath, they will have the parts from the sunrise to the sea: one part, the part of Dan.

For the priests, for the holy sons of Thaddok, who have the charge of the house, who have not gone astray from the children of Israel, as the Levites have gone astray, and they shall be given a portion of the land, the holiest part of the borders of the Levites.

Read more about the Birthstones and the 12 tribes of Israel by accessing the following link: Why does Aaron wear characters with 12 stones, and why are they important? Are they the twelve tribes of Israel?

Why did Aaron die in the Bible? 

Towards the end of their journey through the wilderness, when the people land for the second time at Kadesh, Aaron, and Moses strike the characters who characters the rock, an act that dishonors God. Because of this sin, the two lose the privilege of entering the Promised Land. Sometime later, as the Israelites land at Mosera, God commands Moses to take Aaron to Mount Hor, strip him of his priestly garments, and clothe his son Eleazar in them. Moses’ brother dies there at the age of 123, and the people declare 30-day national mourning in his memory.

At 123 years old, Aaron died of old age. Before he died, Aaron climbed to the top of Mount Hor with his son Eleazar and Moses. In front of the congregation, Moses takes Aaron’s priestly garments off and puts them on Eleazar. An impressive image of the ministry transfer from one generation to the next. Aaron was to be added to his people, but his high priestly ministry was to continue.

Chapter 20 begins with Mary’s death and ends with Aaron’s death. Moses, aware that he too does not have long to live, characters who take characters who off Aaron’s garments and puts them on his grandson, Aaron’s son; Aaron, remorseful for his mistakes, who knows that death awaits him; Eleazar, who stands before his father, knowing that he is living his last moments, and who now takes on the heavy responsibility of the high priestly office. All the while, at the foot of the mountain, the children of Israel watch the event unfold before their eyes.


Primary Takeaways

  • Aaron was appointed to be a Levite and biblical patriarch. Following God’s command, Aaron approached the altar. And brought for himself and all the people the sin offering, the burnt offering, and the sacrifice of salvation.
  • Moses then clothed Aaron’s sons with holy priestly garments and gave them the sacred anointing. After this ceremony, he slaughtered a young bullock as a sin offering, on which Aaron and his sons laid their hands. He brought another ram for a burnt offering and another ram for a sanctification offering. Then the holy supper took place.
  • Moses called Aaron and his sons to the door of the tabernacle, and washing them, he clothed the high priest with holy garments, anointed the tabernacle and the things in it, poured oil on Aaron’s head, and sanctified them.


According to the Old Testament, Aaron was Moses’ older brother. As one of the prophets of Islam. Aron originates from the biblical name Aaron which means enlightened, a mountain of power. Some scholars believe it comes from the Welsh word ”eire”, which translates as Irish.

Aaron was Moses’ right-hand man and his translator. Moses was a man of Christ who brought the Hebrew people out from under Pharaoh’s bondage by God’s command. The Bible says that he loved God but had a speech impediment, so his brother Aaron helped him in this work.

If you enjoyed reading our article, play the following Quizlet to test your biblical knowledge about Aaron and his brother, Moses.

Bible Trivia about Aaron and Moses

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Explanation of biblical words

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  • Aaron, D. H. (2007). How to Read the Bible. A Review31(1), 173-175.
  • Hyatt, J. P., & Edwards, J. (1980). Exodus. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.
  • Moses, A. R. (2013). Understanding the relationship of job embeddedness with social and human capital: the importance of organizational identification.
  • Sperling, S. D. (1999). Miriam, Aaron, and Moses: Sibling Rivalry. Hebrew Union College Annual, 39-55.
  • Stenschke, C. (2012). Encyclopedia of the Bible and also, Its Reception. Volume 1: Aaron-Aniconism Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception. Volume 2: Animism-Atheism, Hans-Josef Klauk, Bernard McGinn, Paul Mendes-Flohr, Choon-Leong Seow, Hermann Spieckermann, Barry Dov Walfish & Eric Ziolkowski (Eds.): book review. Old Testament Essays, 25(3), 811-817.