You are currently viewing Who is Jacob in the Bible summary. What did Jacob do in the Bible?

Who is Jacob in the Bible summary. What did Jacob do in the Bible?

Jacob in the Bible summary was a great man, an example of courage, faith, and bravery before all, including God. Because he dared to fight Him, he is known for the biblical episode in which he was his brother’s deceiver. But also for his 12 signs, because God blessed him with 12 children who became kings of the world and great leaders.

Jacob in the Bible summary is the son of Isaac and the second-born brother of Esau, who fought with his brother and took the right of the firstborn—described by the Bible as a hero¹ of faith and prophet who returned to God after a supreme rebellion from Rebekah’s womb. Because of his courageous actions, he ranked among the most famous Bible verses affirming God as the God of Abram, Isaac, and Jacob. That is to say; he is the one who became the legal heir² to the inheritance of the promise God made to Abram.

He had two wives and two concubines. He was not like his father, Isaac,, who then chose to remain loyal to one woman but chose to be with more than one woman because of the lust and rebellion he had in his character. Jacob fell away only after he genuinely received his biblical blessing.

Who was Jacob?

When God rescued the Israelites from bondage in Egypt, they camped together in the desert, each tribe gathered in its own more minor camp. After building the desert tabernacle under God’s command, the tribes camped around it to remind them that God was their king and protector. Eventually, the Israelites entered the Promised Land, but they had to drive out the pagan tribes already living there. Even though they were divided into 12 tribes, the Israelites recognized that they were a unified people under God, and they were part of the tribe of the children of Israel.

Jacob, also called Israel, is a patriarch of the Bible who obtained his birthright through deception. His accomplice was Rebekah, his mother, and his wife of Isaac.

Jacob decided to entice his brother into giving him the right of first birth by luring him with a blunderbuss of delicious lentil food. And he succeeded. After this exploit, he also took his blessing from Isaac, cheating him. He fled to Mesopotamia because he was afraid of his brother, and afterward, he was shown a ladder of Heaven in a dream. The end of this chapter led to Laban, their uncle, who intended to kill him, but God changed his mind. Thus Jacob met his wives, Rachel and Leah, and subsequently became rich. Jacob left for Canaan but feared his brother, whom he had not seen for 132 years since he was 15 years old.

Read also: Jacob returns home. Did Esau forgive Jacob?

Biography of Jacob

Full name:Jacob
Date of birth: between 1900 B.C. and 1400 B.C
Year of death:between 1800 B.C.- 1300 B.C
The thread of life:147 years old
Place of birth:Israel
Father's name:Isaac
Mother's name:Rebekah
Death cause:normal causes, age

Biblical places from Jacob’s journey

  1. Babylon- Was Babylon a biblical place?
  2. Canaan- Where is this location?
  3. Edom- Is Edom a land?
  4. Mesopotamia- The region of Mesopotamia

Read also: What caused the fall of Babylon? 

What is the character of Jacob?

Jacob in the Bible summary is a hero of faith because after his battle with God, he even fought a man, that is, God, until dawn. And when he saw that he could not overcome him, he answered that he would not leave him until he received the blessing of the Highest. And then it was time to change his name from Jacob, the one who had deceived his family and betrayed God in Israel. Israel symbolizes the struggle³ he had with Jacob. And Jacob in the Bible summary asked the name of his opponent. And so, he was blessed.

Jacob had the character of a brave hero who defeated everyone, and he didn’t even care about his kinsmen. Only his own. And so his brother Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing his father had given him, and he said to himself, The days of mourning for my father are coming; then I will kill my brother Jacob. 

When Rebekah heard of the plans of Esau, her eldest son, she sent for Jacob, her youngest son, and said to him, Your brother Esau is reconciled to the thought that he will kill you. Therefore, my son, listen to me. Run at once to my brother Laban in Haran, and stay with him for a while until your brother’s hatred subsides, until his anger toward you subsides, and he forgets what you have done to him. Then I will send it to you and bring you back from there.

Key Verse related to Jacob

Not only that, but one of the sons would be stronger, and while one would be older, he would serve the younger one.

Genesis 25:23 (NIV) 

jacob in the bible

What does Jacob symbolize in the Bible?

After the flood and the mingling⁴ of tongues, with the election of Abram (the grandfather of Jacob), whose name would be changed to Abraham, a new period in human history began, as God saw fit to choose men to form a line of generations from which His Son would be born for the salvation of mankind. God covenantally promised Abraham and his descendants the land stretching from the Euphrates River southwestward forever.

Abraham’s faith was demonstrated either by undertaking the actions of taking over, through symbolic acts, the land given to him by God, or by occupying it as the leader of the people, by several races living through the land, after defeating others who had previously ruled it. And God kept His covenant to Abram through Jacob.

The name Jacob comes from Hebrew and, according to some, would have the meaning “God defended” (Ya’akobh). Biblical tradition gives it the meaning of “the one who holds on to the heel. Then his brother came forth from his mother’s womb, who held Esau by the heel with his hand; and therefore we named him Jacob.

He preached the Gospel in many places, reaching as far as Spain. Returning to Jerusalem, he was to suffer many torments at the hands of the Jews. Jacob, in the Bible summary through his words, is full of the grace of the Holy Spirit. After Pentecost, the Holy Apostle Lazarus preached the Gospel in many places, reaching as far as Spain.

Why did Jacob wrestle with God?

Jacob in the Bible summary went on his way, and the angels of God met him. When Jacob saw them, he said: This is the camp of God. Therefore he called the place Mahanaim. Jacob sent messengers ahead to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, in the land of Edom. And he commanded them, saying, This is what you shall say to my Lord Esau. Thus saith thy servant Jacob; I have dwelt in Laban, and have abode there until now. I have oxen, and asses, and sheep, and servants, and maidservants. nd I send to tell this thing unto my Lord, that I may obtain passage before thee.

Jacob wrestled with God to ask for His blessing and to prove that he was worthy of the title of the firstborn and the good life.

After this episode, the soldiers turned back to Jacob and said: We have gone to your brother Esau, and he comes before you with four hundred men. Jacob in the Bible summary was greatly terrified, and terror seized him. And he divided the men that were with him, the sheep, the oxen, and the camels, into two camps, and said: If Esau comes against one of the camps and beats it, the camp that remains will be able to escape.

Primary Takeaways

  • Jacob was the one who faced the battle with God and God let him win, blessing him.
  • He was his mother’s favorite who helped him to acquire a right that did not belong to him. Returning to Jerusalem, he was to suffer many torments at the hands of the Jews. The Holy Apostle James, through his words, is full of the grace of the Holy Spirit. After Pentecost, the Holy Apostle Lazarus preached the Gospel in many places, reaching as far as Spain. Returning to Jerusalem, he was to suffer many torments at the hands of the Jews. At the end of his journey, he was full of the grace of the Holy Spirit.
  • At the end of his life he received forgiveness from his brother, but one of his nephews killed Esau, his brother.


Jacob was not chosen by the Lord, but he struggled even before his creation for God to see him. God turned His face to him and blessed him with a 147-year-old life, just like his brother’s, and a reconciliation with Esau.